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全球经济复苏将有失速的风险

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2019年12月03日

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全球经济复苏将有失速的风险

最新的全球经济复苏追踪指标显示,较弱的新兴市场正在控制增长,可能导致全球经济复苏有失速的风险。

测试中可能遇到的词汇和知识:

Momentum 势头[məˈmentəm]

Durability 耐久性[ˌdjʊərə'bɪlətɪ]

Fragile 虚弱的[ˈfrædʒaɪl]

Dissipated 驱散[ˈdɪsɪpeɪtɪd]

Global recovery at risk of stalling(562words)

By Chris Giles,April 12,2015 12:361 pm

The global economy is mired in a “stop and go” recovery “at risk of stalling again”,according to the latest Brookings Institution-Financial Times tracking index. The index,released ahead of the International Monetary Fund's twice-yearly forecasts this week,highlights how the modestly improved growth outlook in advanced economies has been offset by weakness in emerging markets.

“A modest reversal of fortunes between the advanced and emerging market economies belies the fact that both groups still face stunted growth prospects,” said Professor Eswar Prasad,an economist and senior fellow at Brookings.

The world economy grew 3.4 per cent last year,according to the IMF,roughly at its long-term average rate,which disappointed many officials who expected faster expansion because output is still recovering from the effects of the 2008-09 global financial crisis and faster-growing emerging economies now account for more than half of the world economy.

Last week,Christine Lagarde,head of the IMF,described the world's current economic performance as,“just not good enough”.The Tiger index — Tracking Indices for the Global Economic Recovery — shows how measures of real activity,financial markets and investor confidence compare with their historical averages in the global economy and within each country. “Barring three economies with sustained growth momentum — the US,UK,and India — there are few others where short-term growth prospects look encouraging,” Prof Prasad said.

The Tiger growth index for advanced economies has improved modestly since the oil price almost halved in the second half of last year,reflecting increased household spending in Europe and Japan. But these weak economies still have some way to go before showing the momentum they normally enjoy in an economic upswing. In the US there is evidence of a weak patch in the first quarter of the year with slower employment growth. According to Prof Prasad that suggests “the persistent strength of the US dollar and the burden of carrying the world economy on its shoulders might be weighing on the US economy”.

There is a varied picture in the large emerging economies of China and India,which are the world's largest and third-largest economies,measured by purchasing power parity.

China's economic prospects are slowing as the government attempts to rebalance activity from public investment towards higher domestic consumption. By contrast,India is enjoying the fruits of cheap oil and energy,which reduces import costs,the trade deficit and government borrowing. “India remains a bright spot among the emerging market economies,although the pace of reforms and the durability of growth remain significant elements of concern,” Prof Prasad said.

In the next tier of emerging economies,including Brazil,Turkey and Russia,prospects have dimmed as cheaper oil and commodity prices have exposed underlying structural weaknesses.

In the months ahead,the global economy is likely to face the first US interest rate rise for almost nine years,threatening to destabilise a fragile recovery and expose badly run economies to capital flight.

This prospect increases the need for reforms to boost the resilience of economies in every country,Prof Prasad said. “The urgency of structural reforms seems to have dissipated,with many economies relying on loose monetary policy and weak exchange rates to prop up growth and counter deflationary pressures”.

“In the absence of a strong revival of domestic demand supported by a more balanced set of policies,a robust and sustained global economic recovery will remain elusive,” he added.

1.Which of the following is not true about The Tiger Index?

A.Abbreviation of Tracking Indices for the Global Equity Return

B.Measures of financial markets in the global economy

C.Measures of investor confidence compared with their historical averages within each country

D.Abbreviation of Tracking Indices for the Global Economic Recovery

[1] 答案

2.According to the article,what was the reason for increased household spending in Europe and Japan?

A.Loosing monetary policy

B.Weak exchange rate

C.Drop of oil price

D.Inflation

[2] 答案

3.Which of the following is true about the impact of falling oil price?

A.Decrease household spending in India

B.Increase India's government borrowing

C.Reduces India's import costs

D.Increase India's trade deficit

[3] 答案

4.What can be inferred from the conclusion Professor Eswar Prasad made?

A.The world economy will grow faster next year

B.Oil price will be the main boost to the global economy next year

C.Many economies relying on loose monetary policy and weak exchange rates to prop up growth and counter deflationary pressures

D.Modestly improved growth outlook in emerging economies has been offset by advanced markets

[4] 答案

[1]答案:A.Abbreviation of Tracking Indices for the Global Equity Return

解释:文章第六段,解释了全球经济复苏追踪指标是Tracking Indices for the Global Economic Recovery的缩写,此指数计算和比较全球与每个国家的经济实际活动措施,金融市场和投资者的信心。

[2]答案:C.Drop of oil price

解释:文章第八段,先进经济体的全球经济复苏追踪指标提高的原因在于欧洲和日本的家庭支出增加,而增加的原因则是石油价格的减半。

[3]答案:C.Reduces India's import costs

解释:文章第十一段,油价下跌帮助印度降低进口成本,贸易赤字和政府债务。

[4]答案:C.Many economies relying on loose monetary policy and weak exchange rates to prop up growth and counter deflationary pressures

解释:文章的最后,普拉萨德说“结构性改革的紧迫性似乎已经消退,许多经济体依赖宽松的货币政策和较弱的汇率来支持增长和反通缩压力”。

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